William Wollaston, English philosopher, c 1700.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Portrait made in 1763 of Wollaston (1660-1724) whose financial security through an inheritance enabled him to devote himself to scholarly pursuits. He took holy orders, and wrote on philological and ecclesiastical questions. In 'The Religion of Nature Delineated' (1725), he upheld the intellectual theory of morality. Illustration from 'Histoire des philosophes modernes' (History of modern philosophers), by Alexandre Saverien (1720-1805), published in Paris in 1763.