'The Galleries, a dangerous way under the Mountain Filefield', Norway, 1755.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving showing a mountainous landscape including a bridge over a waterfall, from 'The Natural History of Norway' by Erich Pontoppidan (1698-1764), the only English translation of the work, published in London in 1755. Pontoppidan was Bishop of Bergen in Norway from where he researched all aspects of Norwegian natural history and ethnography. His book contains 'a particular and accurate account of the temperature of the air, the different soils, waters, vegetables, metals, minerals, stones, beasts, birds, and fishes: together with the dispositions, customs, and manner of living of the inhabitants'.