Cranes used on the Caledonian Canal, Scotland, 1838.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Civil engineer Thomas Telford (1757-1834) designed a canal at the request of the Government, the purpose of which was partly to provide work and to halt the flood of emigration from the Scottish Highlands. Once finished, the Caledonian Canal provided a link between eastern and western Scotland, avoiding the long and dangerous route round the west coast. Illustration from Thomas Telford's (1757-1834) 'Atlas to the Life of Thomas Telford, civil engineer', published in London in 1838.