The damaged railway bridge at Biwajima, a suburb of Nagoya. In the foreground is rubble and debris, with shadowy figures of people who are blurred due to the long exposure time of the picture. Illustration from 'The great earthquake in Japan, 1891' by John Milne (1850-1913), published in Yokohama, c 1892. Milne was a professor at the Imperial College of Engineering in Tokyo, and together with W K Burton and other colleagues developed modern seismological techniques which they used to study the 1891 earthquake. Milne and Burton also took the photographs for the book.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library