'Interview of Hendrick Hudson with the Indians', North America, 17th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made in 1847 by Robert Hinshelwood after Captain Seth Eastman, US Army, showing a 19th century version of English navigator Henry Hudson (d 1611) meeting Native Americans. Hudson's crew mutinied and he was set adrift in an open boat and never seen again. Hudson Bay, the Hudson River and the Hudson Straits are named after him. The population of the Americas was drastically reduced after the arrival of the Europeans due to war, disease, forced removal and relocation, and the destruction of traditional ways of life. Illustration from 'Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Part 2' by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), published in Philadelphia in 1847.