Reverend Sampson Occom, Native American misionary, 18th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made c 1855 of Occom (1723–1792) who was born in what is now Connecticut, USA. In 1749 Occom went to Long Island, New York State, and worked as clergyman and teacher with the Montauk people. He was ordained in 1759, and in 1766 went to England to help raise funds for Dartmouth College, New Hampshire. He had been one of the first pupils of Eleazer Wheelock (1711–79) the founder of the college. Occom founded the Brotherton Mision, formed from tribes of Oneida people, in western New York State. Illustration from 'Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Part 5' by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), published in Philadelphia in 1855.