Red Jacket, Seneca chief, c 1800.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made in 1853 by C Burt after Captain Seth Eastman, US Army. Red Jacket's (c 1756-1830) English name came from his British redcoat. He was an ally of the English in American Revolution, but resisted the introduction of Christianity and European customs. The Native American population of the Americas was drastically reduced after the arrival of the Europeans due to war, disease, forced removal and relocation, and the destruction of traditional ways of life. Red Jacket visited President George Washington in 1792 in an attempt to make peace with the US government. Illustration from 'Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Part 3' by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), published in Philadelphia in 1853.