'Defeat of Vasquez d'Ayllon by the Chicoreans', North America, c 1520.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made in 1853 by Robert Hinshelwood after Captain Seth Eastman, US Army, showing the ill-fated attempt by the Spaniards to found the first European colony in what is now South Carolina in the United States of America. The population of the Americas was drastically reduced after the arrival of the Europeans due to war, disease, forced removal and relocation, and the destruction of traditional ways of life. Illustration from 'Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Part 3' by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), published in Philadelphia in 1853.