A photograph of the Taj Mahal, Agra, India, taken by Samuel Bourne. This photograph shows the intricate craftsmanship and beauty of the mausoleum. Made from white marble, the tomb was built between 1631 and 1648 by Shah Jehan as a memorial for his wife, Arjuman Banu Begum who died in childbirth. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance. By 1870 the Bourne and Shepherd catalogue contained 2,000 views from all parts of the subcontinent.
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