'Citadel and Mosque of Mohamed Ali', 1882.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A photograph of the citadel and mosque of Muhammad Ali, Cairo, taken by an unknown photographer in December 1882. The imposing citadel, built on an outcrop of the Muqattam Hills, dates from the reign of Salah al-Din (Saladin) (1176-1193). The photograph is from an album entitled 'Algiers Egypt &c 1882-3' which belonged to Brigadier General Herbert Conyers Surtees (1858-1933), antiquarian and MP for Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. It is a curious mixture of photographs of North African tourist subjects and views of battlefields in Egypt.