Lumiere Cinematographe, 1895.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Louis and Auguste Lumiere were inspired by the appearance of Edison's Kinetoscope in Paris in 1894 and set out to develop their own apparatus. Moison, their main mechanic constructed a prototype camera/projector, which was demonstrated in a lecture at the Societe d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale in March 1895. The film showed workers leaving the Lumiere factory. At this meeting, Jules Carpentier, a scientific instrument maker, offered to manufacture the Cinematographe. On 28 December 1895 the first public demonstration of projected motion pictures was given at the Grand Cafe, Boulevard des Capucines, Paris. In the next few months the Lumiere apparatus began to be used all over Europe.