Pensioners protesting, 1938.
© NMeM / Daily Herald Archive / Science & Society Picture Library
A photograph of a group of elderly men protesting for a higher pension, taken by Roper for the Daily Herald newspaper on 23 November, 1938. Standing in the porch of St Paul's Cathedral in London, the men wear sandwich boards demanding a pension increase by one pound a week. The first general old age pension paid by the government in Britain began in 1908. By 1925, the state pension was ten shillings (50p) a week from age 65. A basic flat-rate pension only became available to everyone in Britain with the National Insurance Act of 1946.