'Delhi - The Palace', c 1865.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph of the Red Fort in Delhi, India, taken by Samuel Bourne. The Red Fort is one of the most spectacular pieces of Mughal Dynasty architecture. Built by the emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648, the walls are two kilometres long. Here, Bourne has captured the scale of the fort and the barren landscape that surrounds it. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance. By 1870 the Bourne and Shepherd catalogue contained 2,000 views from all parts of the subcontinent.