'Agra: The Fort. Amar Singh Gate, With The Taj In The Distance', c 1865.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph of Agra Fort, India, taken by Samuel Bourne. The fort is built along the Yamuna river and stretches for over a mile. Its outer wall was built in red sandstone and it houses several buildings inside. The wall has two gates, the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate, shown here. The Taj Mahal can just be seen in the distance. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance.