'View on the Dhul Canal - Kashmire', c 1865.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph of the Dhul Canal in Kashmir, taken by Samuel Bourne. Bourne captures the canal in the bright sunlight with reflections of the tree-lined banks across the water. A man sits on the rocks at the edge of the water. Bourne often had trouble persuading local people to be photographed. Even when they agreed, he complained of their inability to act 'naturally' for the camera. In 1865, Bourne won a prize with this photograph. A pioneer of travel photography, Bourne began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance.