'Delhi: Mausoleum of Humayun', c 1865.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph of the Mausoleum of Humayun in Delhi, India, taken by Samuel Bourne. The site of the mausoleum was selected by Humayun himself, one of the leaders of the Mughal Dynasty. It was built by his wife after his death and completed in about 1570. This building inspired several architectural innovations, including the construction of the Taj Mahal. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance.