'Shah Hamadan Masjid, Srinagar', c 1865.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph of the Mosque of Shah Hamadan, Srinagar, Kashmir, on the banks of what is possibly the Dhul Canal, taken by Samuel Bourne. Groups of people line the banks of the canal, some working on the barges on the water and others just sitting on the rocks. The people allow the scale of the building to be fully appreciated. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance. By 1870 the Bourne and Shepherd catalogue contained 2,000 views from all parts of the subcontinent.