A photograph of a tunnel hollowed out of an Indian hillside through which a railway track has been laid, taken by Samuel Bourne. The mountains are visible in the foggy distance. Through the tunnel, the figure of a man can be seen. Bourne often conveyed scale by including human figures in his compositions. Bourne, a pioneer of travel photography, began his working life as a bank clerk. ln 1863 he went to India where he established a studio in Simla, in partnership with Charles Shepherd. Between 1863 and 1870 he undertook several photographic expeditions, including trips to the Himalayas, producing a collection of landscape views unsurpassed in technical skill and compositional elegance. By 1870 the Bourne and Shepherd catalogue contained 2,000 views from all parts of the subcontinent.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society