'Profesor Huxley', 1880.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photographic portrait of Profesor Thomas Henry Huxley [1825-1895] taken by Samuel Robert Lock [1822-1881] and George Carpe Whitfield, in 1880. Through his 'organic evolution' lectures, Huxley championed Charles Darwin's controversial theories. He liked to refer to himself as 'Darwin's bulldog'. Whilst working as a surgeon on board HMS Rattlesnake in Australasia, Huxley spent his spare time studying marine life. His research on jellyfish brought him recognition by the Royal Society of London. Once in Britain, he became Profesor of Natural History at the Government School of Mines in 1855, and was an authority on fosils. This Woodburytype is from 'Men of Mark', a series of books featuring prominent men of the time, published between 1876 and 1883. A brief biographical esay by Thompson Cooper accompanies each portrait. The Woodburytype was a photomechanical proces patented in 1864 by Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885). It produced high-quality images used for book i