'Charles Robert Darwin', 1878.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photographic portrait of the scientist Charles Darwin [1809-1882] taken by Samuel Robert Lock [1822-1881] and George Carpe Whitfield, in 1878. A revolutionary nineteenth century scientist, Darwin's influence continues to this day. Following his voyages on the H.M.S. Beagle, [1831-1836], Darwin developed his theories of evolution and natural selection. Anxious about the public response to his controversial ideas, he delayed releasing research for many years. 'On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life' was eventually published in 1859. This Woodburytype is from 'Men of Mark', a series of books featuring prominent men of the time, published between 1876 and 1883. A brief biographical esay by Thompson Cooper accompanies each portrait. The Woodburytype was a photomechanical proces patented in 1864 by Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885). It produced high-quality images used for book illustration and