'Dr. Schliemann', 1877.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photographic portrait of Dr. Heinrich Schliemann [1822-1890] taken by Samuel Robert Lock [1822-1881] and George Carpe Whitfield, in 1877. A pioneer in archaeology, Heinrich Schliemann carried out excavations of ancient Troy and Mycenae in Greece in the 1870s. His discoveries helped literary historians contextualise the epic poetry of Homer and Virgil. This Woodburytype is from 'Men of Mark', a series of books featuring prominent men of the time, published between 1876 and 1883. A brief biographical esay by Thompson Cooper accompanies each portrait. The Woodburytype was a photomechanical proces patented in 1864 by Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885). It produced high-quality images used for book illustration and remained popular until about 1900.