'Captain Richard Francis Burton', 1876.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photographic portrait of Richard Burton (1821-1890) taken by Samuel Robert Lock (1822-1881) and George Carpe Whitfield. A skilled linguist, Burton is best known for translating the 'Arabian Nights' and 'The Kama Sutra'. He served as a captain in the Bombay Native Infantry in Pakistan, and as a British Consul, and made a pilgrimage to Mecca disguised as a Pathan. This Woodburytype is from 'Men of Mark', a series of books featuring prominent men of the time, published between 1876 and 1883. A brief biographical esay by Thompson Cooper accompanies each portrait. The Woodburytype was a photomechanical proces patented in 1864 by Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885). It produced high-quality images used for book illustration and remained popular until about 1900.