Barrel organ, 1898.
© NMeM / Kodak Collection / Science & Society
A photograph taken by Paul Martin at a fair on Hampstead Heath in London in 1898. A young boy relaxes on the gras in the foreground. A group of people gather near a barrel organ player, whilst a donkey feeds from its nose bag. The hand-crank barrel organ was a popular means of providing music in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This is a fairly large barrel organ, needing a donkey to pull it. Paul Martin is regarded as a pioneer of photo journalism. In 1892 he bought a 'Facile' - a popular hand camera made by Fallowfield of London. With his camera disguised as a leather case, he was able to work unobserved, taking the candid photographs of daily life which are recognised as his greatest work.