'View of Yedo', Japan, 1858.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by Hanhart, from 'Japan, the Amoor, and the Pacific' by Henry Arthur Tilley, (London, 1861). Tokyo at this time was still called Edo (or Yedo, here). Tilley described it thus: 'The generality of houses in the capital are a little superior to those in other parts; they are mostly of pine wood, of only one story, and unpainted; many, however, in Yedo, as in Nangasaki [sic], are built of harder wood, have an upper story to hold goods, and a few can boast of some little external decorations. Earthquakes and fires are of such constant occurrence that great stability, decoration, or loftiness are not considered'. Tilley spent three months in Japan; he recorded the tensions between European and American traders and their relations with the Japanese.