Two views of the Plain of Troy, from the Hill of Hissarlik, Turkey, 1871-1875.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Above is the 'Northern Part', showing the Mound of Achilles and Patroclus, the old bed of the Scamander to the right of the camels, the Island of Imbros, Mount Ida in Samothrace, the aegean Sea, Kum-Kaleh, the Lighthouse, and the Peninsula of Gallipoli. Below is the 'South-Eastern Part', showing the excavation of ancient Troy by German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890), with Mount Gargarus (Kasdak), the Village of Chiplak, the Chain of Mount Ida, the snow-clad summit, the Altar, and excavations in the temple. Illustration from Schliemann's 'Troy and its remains: a narrative of researches and discoveries made on the site of Ilium, and in the Trojan Plain', published in 1875.