'Atotarho, the First Iroquois Ruler', 14th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Illustration made in the 1850s, posibly from a Native American drawing, by soldier-artist Captain Seth Eastman (1808-1875) of the US Army, of a snake-covered Atotarho, smoking a pipe. Also known as Thadodaho, Atotarho was an Onondaga chief who was probably born in the late 14th century. The Iroquois were made up of several different tribes in the Eastern United States and Eastern Canada. Illustration from 'Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Part 6' by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1793-1864), published in Philadelphia in 1857.