Title page to 'The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Beagle', 1840.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Page from the section on Fosil Mammalia by English zoologist and palaeontologist Richard Owen, from 'The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Beagle', published in London, 1839-1843, and edited by the British originator of evolutionary theory Charles Darwin. Owen (1804-1892) established the Natural History Museum in London and coined the term 'dinosaur'. He was vehemently opposed to evolution theory. Darwin (1809-1882) was naturalist on 'HMS Beagle' during its voyage of 1832-1836, the purpose of which was to make a scientific survey of the South American waters. Darwin's observations contributed to his discovery of the principle of natural selection of heritable variation as the cause of evolution. His most famous work, 'On the origin of species by means of natural selection', was published in 1859.