Japanese lacquer patterns, 1869.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Two lacquer patterns, 'Tsugaru-nuri' (top) and 'Wakasa-nuri' (bottom), from 'The industries of Japan: together with an account of its agriculture, forestry, arts, and commerce' by J J Rein, published in 1869. Johannes Justus Rein (1835-1918) was a German scholar who travelled extensively in Japan in the mid 1870s. The opening up of Japan allowed westerners from many countries to enter the country and study the culture. Rein, who was sent there by the Prusian government, produced two comprehensive accounts of the country. His other volume, 'Japan: travels and researches', discuses its geography, history and peoples. Lithographed by Werner & Winter, Frankfurt am Main and published by Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, Germany.