Title page from a book on travels in Japan, 1712.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
'Amoenitatum exoticarum' (often translated as 'Exotic Novelties'), by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716) was published in Germany in 1712. Kaempfer was a German who travelled in Persia (Iran), India, Siam (Thailand), Java (Indonesia) and Japan. He asembled a large collection, including natural specimens, costumes, books, calendars, and maps. His botanical drawings were later published by the naturalist Joseph Banks (1743-1820).