Hydrographic map of the Persian Gulf, 1712.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraved hydrographic (marine) chart of the Persian (now Iranian) coast, including 'Bassora' (Basra in Iraq), top left; Bahrain, and the Straits of Hormuz. There are also illustrations of the towns of 'Kismis' (Qeshm, Iran), and 'Mascatta' (Masqat, Oman). From 'Amoenitatum exoticarum' (often translated as 'Exotic Novelties', published in Germany, 1712), by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Kaempfer was a German who travelled in Persia (Iran), India, Siam (Thailand), Java (Indonesia) and Japan. He assembled a large collection, including natural specimens, costumes, books, calendars, and maps. His botanical drawings were later published by the naturalist Joseph Banks (1743-1820).