Tahitian boats and a north-east view of Otaheite (now known as Tahiti, part of French Polynesia) during Captain Cook's second Pacific voyage. From 'Complete History of Captain Cook's First, Second and Third Voyages' (1784). Captain James Cook (1728-1779), the famed navigator and hydrographer, transformed the West's knowledge of the Pacific region after making three exploratory voyages there and circumnavigating the globe twice. During this second voyage (1772-1775), in the 'Adventure' and 'Resolution', Cook and his crew crossed the latitude 70 degrees, the furthest south then reached by Europeans, and visited Easter Island.
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