Timothy Hackworth, British locomotive engineer, c 1830s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Page from 'A chapter in the history of railway locomotion, and memoir of Timothy Hackworth (the father of locomotives) with portrait, and a list of some of his principal inventions' . Hackworth (1786-1850) was a pioneer in the construction of steam locomotives. In 1808, he worked at Wylam Colliery, helping William Hedley (1779-1843) produce the 'Puffing Billy' locomotive. In 1825 he was appointed to the Stockton and Darlington Railway by George Stephenson (1781-1848), becoming the first ever locomotive superintendent. There, he built the famous 'Royal George' and 'Sans Pareil', entered in the Rainhill Trials of 1829 and was subsequently used on the Bolton and Leigh Railway. In 1833 Hackworth formed his Soho locomotive-building company.