Maxim standing on the framing of his 1894 machine outside the hangar, 1894.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (1840-1916) designed and built this flying machine in 1893-1894. He had previously found fame by inventing the machine gun. This was the largest aeroplane to lift off briefly from the ground in the 19th century. His trials were undertaken at Baldwins Park, Bexleyheath, Kent, where this photograph was taken.