The 'Discovery' converted into a prison hulk, Deptford, London, 1828.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Etching after his own drawing by Edward William Cooke (1811-1880). English navigator and explorer James Cook (1728-1779) transformed the West's knowledge of the Pacific and Southern Ocean after making three exploratory voyages and circumnavigating the globe twice. The principal aim of his third and final voyage (1776-1779), in the Discovery and the Resolution, was to find a northern sea pasage between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Having set sail from Hawaii in 1779, Cook returned to the islands after the Resolution suffered storm damage, after which a fight broke out and he was stabbed to death. Illustration from Cooke's 'Fifty plates of shipping and craft' published in London in 1829.