Tasmanian aboriginal, Australia, 1801-1803.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by B Roger after Nicolas Petit, of a man named Ouriaga, with ochre coated hair. The population of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania), about 5,000 at the time of colonisation, was reduced by Europeans to almost nothing through hunting and disease. Illustration from part of 'Voyage de decouvertes aux terres Australes, execute par ordre de S M l'empereur et roi', compiled by naturalist Francois Peron (1775-1810) and published in Paris in 1815. The book, in English 'Voyage of discovery to the Southern lands undertaken by order of his majesty the emperor and king', is an account of the French cartographic survey expedition to Australia, 1800-1804, led by Thomas Nicolas Baudin (1754-1803), on which Peron served as one of the scientific team.