'The Pre-Adamite Earth', 1849.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by John Emslie after his original drawing, showing illustrations of the various mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, trees and plants which existed in different epochs prior to the Creation of Man. Ideas of a 'Pre-Adamite Earth' first emerged in the early 19th century, and refer to pasages in Genesis which suggest that prior to Adam and Eve an entire Pre-Adamic world existed, complete with plants, animals, and posibly even pre-Adamic races of people. The illustration are based on the examinations of Buckland, Cuvier, Mantell and Lyell of the remains embedded in the various strata; divided here into the silurian, carboniferous, red sandstone, chalk and tertiary systems.