'Stonehenge, Wiltshire', 1911
© Science & Society
A photograph of Stonehenge in Wiltshire, taken by Sir John Benjamin Stone (1838-1914), in 1911. There have been many theories about who built Stonehenge, including the Druids and the ancient Greeks and much speculation as to its function. It is now believed that it was built in several stages between 2800 BC and 1800 BC, probably for observation of the summer and winter solstices and eclipses. Sir John Benjamin Stone was the founder and chief photographer of the National Photographic Record Association. Founded in 1897, the NPR was established to create a photographic record of historically important events, people and places. By the time of Stone's death, the NPR contained over 6,000 photographs. Following his election as Member of Parliament for Birmingham East, Stone also undertook a photographic survey of the Palace of Westminster and took portraits of his fellow MPs.