Analysis of air by Lavoisier, late 18th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made c 1875 of French chemist Lavoisier (1743-1794) who is considered to be the founder of the modern science of chemistry, researching into gunpowder and the modern method of naming chemical compounds. His major work was the 'Traite elementaire de Chimies' (1789), which contained many of the ideas that set chemistry on its modern path. He was also a member of the commision which devised the metric system. Illustration from 'Das Reich der Luft' (The kingdom of the air) adapted from the work of Camille Flammarion (1842-1925) by the German Wilhelm SchUtte (1826-1912) and published in Leipzig in 1875.