'Afternoon Gosip, Lew Chew', c 1853-1854.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithographed plate by P S Duval after a daguerreotype by Brown, of Japanese men sitting smoking under a tree. Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry (1794-1858) signed a compact between the United States of America and the Royal Government of Great Lew Chew (Okinawa) at Napa (now known as Naha), Okinawa Island, on the 11th July, 1854, which guaranteed that 'whenever citizens of the United States come to Lew Chew, they shall be treated with great courtesy and friendship'. The notes and journals kept by Perry and his officers during their expedition were compiled by Francis L Hawkes and published as 'Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan : performed in the years 1852, 1853, and 1854 …', (Washington, 1856).