'Loo Rock and Pontinha Madeira', 1853.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithographed plate by Ackerman after a drawing by Heine with figures by Brown, of the island of Madeira. This was the first stop made by Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry (1794-1858) where he refueled and reprovisioned his ships en route to the Far East. Two men in the foreground are carrying goods in a hammock-like arrangement. A port with ships at anchor is visible in the distance. Perry led a US government expedition designed to open up trade with Japan, which had been in self-imposed isolation for almost 200 years. The notes and journals kept by Perry and his officers were compiled by Francis L Hawkes and published as 'Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan : performed in the years 1852, 1853, and 1854 …', (Washington, 1856).