'View of Box Moor Herts', 1837.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Tinted lithograph by J R Jobbins. In 1833, Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) was appointed chief engineer of the LBR, the first railway into London, and then went through Boxmoor in Hertfordshire. Beginning at Curzon Street Station, Birmingham, and finishing at Euston Station, London, the 112 mile long line took 20,000 men nearly five years to build, at a cost of £5.5 million. It has been estimated that to build the railway, the navvies shifted more material than the ancient Egyptians did when they constructed the pyramids. The LBR opened on 17 September 1838.