'Exchange Buildings and Nelson's Monument', Liverpool, 1829.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Thomas Dixon after C & G Pyne. The monument to Nelson was built to honour free men as well as the famous admiral himself. During the planning stages for the statue some believed the money would be better spent on humanitarian causes, such as a hospital or an asylum for children who had lost their fathers at sea, whilst others believed public monuments of this kind would elavate the reputation of British art. Work on the monument began in 1813.