Carl von Linne, Swedish physician and naturalist, c 1760s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by H Meyer, decorated by Bartolozzi, after a painting from life by a pupil of Linne. He was a 'Knight of the Polar Star, First Physician to the King, Profesor of Botany in the University at Upsala' (Sweden). Linne, or Linnaeus (1707-1778), became known as the founder of modern scientific nomenclature for plants and animals. In 1749 he introduced binomial nomenclature of generic and specific names for plants and animals, which permitted the hierarchical organisation later known as systematics. Published by Dr Thornton in 1806.