Thomas Chalmers, Scottish theologian and reformer, early to mid 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving made in 1847 by W Banks showing a portrait of Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847); a vignette of a port appears below. In 1843, Charmers led the Disruption, in which 470 ministers seceded from the Established Church of Scotland in order to found the Free Church of Scotland. Chalmers was Principle of the Free Church College, Edinburgh, Scotland, from 1843-1847. His published work includes 'Institutes of Theology', in 34 volumes, devoted to natural theology, apologetics and social economy.