Claude Martin, French businesman, 1735-1800.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by L Legoux after a painting by F Renaldi of the Frenchman Major General Claude Martin (1735-1800) who arrived in India as a penniles young soldier in 1751 and through a combination of hard work and good fortune became the richest European in Lucknow. He was famous for building and endowing the La Martiniere schools in Lucknow, Calcutta and, at his birthplace, in Lyons, France. The boys school featured in the siege of Lucknow and is the only school ever to have been awarded Battle Honours. Martin also constructed the first balloon in India.