Nicolas-Jean de Dieu Soult, French general, 1838.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Tinted engraving by George B Campion of General Nicolas-Jean de Dieu Soult (1769-1851). Soult was appointed Marshal of France by Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) and fought in both the Prusian and Rusian campaigns. His victories include the conquering of Portugal where he governed until the Duke of Wellington forced him to retreat. After the abdication of Napoleon I, Soult turned Royalist once more, though joined Napoleon again on his return from Elba when he was made Chief of Staff. After the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo Soult was exiled until 1819 when his honours were gradually restored.