Cros-section of a ship, and marine lifting gear, 1769.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Benard after Gousier from drawings by Belin, naval engineer, showing a widthwise sectional view of a sailing ship, and below, a machine known as the 'Camel', used at Amsterdam for lifting a vesel. From 'Marine', a work on ships and shipbuilding, by Denis Diderot (1713-1784), published in Paris in 1765, an excerpt from 'Encyclopedie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonne des Sciences, des Arts et des Metiers', edited by Diderot and Jean d'Alembert (1717-1783). The 'Grand Encyclopedie' (Encyclopedia or Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Profesions) was a manifesto for a new way of looking at the world. It described many of the proceses which transformed the world during the Industrial Revolution.