Title page from 'The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay', c 1789.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Title page with engraved vignette by T Medland, probably representing allegorical figures. In 1787 Arthur Phillip (1738-1814) commanded the 'First Fleet' carrying convicts to Australia. The day of his landing at Botany Bay, 26 January 1788, was later celebrated as Australia Day. Phillip founded a penal colony at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, and was made Governor (colonial administrator) of New South Wales. Illustration from Phillip's 'The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay', published in London in 1789.