Armoured train, Egypt, 1882.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the 'Illustrated London News'. In July 1882, the British fleet began bombarding Alexandria, after which the khedive was installed in the Ras at Tin Palace. In response, Egyptian leaders declared war on Britain. In August Sir Garnet Wolsley (1833-1913) and an army of 20,000 invaded the Suez Canal Zone. The decisive battle was fought at Tall al Kabir on 13 September, 1882. The use of armoured war-vehicles had begun with the Prusian military in 1848. The train used here consisted of 5 trucks and a locomotive carrying a Nordernfield gun in the first carriage, which was protected by iron shields, and a steam-crane and 3 Gatling guns in the last two.