Nares sledge party, 1876.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the 'Illustrated London News'. The 1875-1876 arctic exploration was led by Captain George S Nares (1831-1915), one of the ablest navigators in the British Navy, who had taken part in the 1852 expedition in the 'Resolute'. Nares was given command of HMS 'Alert' and HMS 'Discovery'. The aims of the sledge trips were to trace as much as posible of the coasts of Ellesmere and Greenland so as to determine the extent of the land to the north, and to test the posibilities of attaining the Pole over the ice of the polar seas. However, an outbreak of scurvy during these expeditions led to several deaths, for which Nares was blamed for failing to carry lime juice.